W-APT stands for the WIDA-ACCESS Placement Test. It is an English language proficiency “screener” test given to incoming students who may be designated as English language learners. It assists educators with programmatic placement decisions such as identification and placement of ELLs. The W-APT is one component of WIDA’s comprehensive assessment system.
W-APT test items are written from the model performance indicators of WIDA’s five English Language Proficiency (ELP) standards:
- Social & Instructional Language
- Language of Language Arts
- Language of Mathematics
- Language of Science
- Language of Social Studies
Test forms are divided into five grade-level clusters:
- Grades 1-2
- Grades 3-5
- Grades 6-8
- Grades 9-12
Each form of the test assesses the four language domains of Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing.
The W-APT is designed to be individually administered and adaptive, meaning that parts of the test may be discontinued as soon as the student reaches his or her performance “ceiling.”
The Kindergarten W-APT
The Kindergarten W-APT is meant to be administered to second semester preK, K, and first semester 1st grade students. It is organized as a single, individually-administered test with a combined Speaking/Listening component. The Reading and Writing tests make up a separate test which is optional, and only for students with some literacy skills.
The Kindergarten W-APT is not able to assign scores across the full range of WIDA ELP levels 1-6. Instead, scores for Speaking and Listening are marked as showing low, mid, high, or exceptional proficiency. Scoring details can be found in the W-APT Test Administration Manual and on the scoring sheets.
The WIDA MODEL for Kindergarten assessment is an optional replacement to the Kindergarten W-APT and it yields a score between 1 and 6 on the WIDA ELP scale. To learn more about this test kit, please visit the WIDA MODEL page under “Assessment.”
The W-APT for a particular grade level cluster is administered to children one semester beyond the beginning of the grade level cluster and one semester beyond the end of the grade level cluster. For example, the grades 3-5 W-APT is administered to children from 2nd semester grade 3 through lst semester grade 6.
The W-APT for all grade levels except kindergarten is administered as follows:
- The Speaking test is administered first, followed by the Listening, Reading, and Writing tests.
- All components are adaptive, meaning the component in process is stopped when the test administrator reaches items with more complex material than the student is likely to successfully handle. Instructions for stopping a component are included in the test script.
- Scoring for the Speaking section of the W-APT is identical to the ACCESS for ELLs. Trained test administrators determine whether a student’s response approaches, meets, or exceeds expectations based on a given rubric.
- Scoring for the Writing test is also based on a rubric. Scored writing samples are available to help raters get accustomed to using the rubric. Note that test administrators do not score the ACCESS for ELLs Writing test, so W-APT test administrators must take on additional training to reliably score students’ Writing tests.
- An answer key on the scoring sheet is provided for the multiple choice Listening and Reading items.
- The W-APT scoring sheet guides test administrators in assigning an overall or composite English language proficiency level for all four components of the test.
The W-APT Score Calculator is a tool to save test administrators the time and trouble of manually converting raw scores and calculating students’ composite proficiency levels (CPLs). With the click of a button, it calculates Speaking, Reading, Writing and Listening scores, along with the CPL and a grade-adjusted CPL. Unfortunately, it can not be applied to Kindergarten scores at this time